What Creates Jobs
By John Stossel
April 29, 2015
I took a camera to Times Square this week and asked people, “What creates jobs?” Most had no answer.
One said, “stimulus!” What? Government creates jobs? No!
I suppose itís natural that people think government creates jobs because politicians always say that.
“Weíve now created more than 10 million,” said President Obama. But that just meant that he took office at the start of the recession, and finally job creation resumed.
He didnít cause that. In fact, his taxes and complex regulation slowed job creation.
His 2012 presidential election rival, Mitt Romney, was a little more free-market-oriented, but he sounded like Obama when he talked about jobs. He had “a plan” to add 12 million. Donít assume his plan was just to get government out of the way of the private sector — Romney said itís a bad idea to cut government spending during a recession.
FDRís New Deal was the dawn of belief that jobs flow from government. FDR didnít seem to care whether jobs people did were productive or sustainable. He just wanted something done about the “armies” of unemployed. If they werenít given jobs, they might become a real army and revolt.
Now that government has lots of power, people look to it to create jobs. Communist countries had five-year plans. They didnít work.
Thatís because jobs come from government getting out of the way and letting employers produce goods.
Every new layer of regulations sounds nice — protecting the environment, providing more health care, forbidding discrimination against disabled people — but most rules do more harm than good.
Humans have needs and desires. Entrepreneurs see those needs as opportunity. They hire people not out of generosity or because government told them to — but because itís profitable to employ people if they produce valuable goods.
If itís not profitable, that means those people would be better employed doing something else. The prices customers are willing to pay and the wages workers accept are the best indication of which jobs can be done profitably and therefore ought to be done.
But politicians donít trust business owners to make those decisions. Some also resent it if entrepreneurs succeed without kissing the politicians' ring.
President Obama famously said, “If youíve got a business, you didnít build that. Somebody else made that happen.”
Iíd think Hillary Clinton would have learned from the outcry that followed, but no — she then said, “Donít let anybody tell you that itís corporations and businesses that create jobs! That old theory, trickle-down economics, has been tried. That has failed.”
But it hasnít failed. Free markets lifted a billion people out of poverty during Hillaryís career. She just wonít acknowledge it. Lawyer-politicians arenít comfortable with creative destruction they donít control. They prefer central planning.
Thatís why Hillary also said, “I voted to raise the minimum wage. And guess what? Millions of jobs were created.”
This, too, is absurd. Politicians act as if they can wave a magic wand and grant everyone more money. But minimum wage laws donít create jobs. They just make lower-paying jobs illegal. Some of those jobs go away. Thatís basic economics.
The effect on the economy is small because 95 percent of American workers earn more than the minimum. But the more employers are forced to pay, the fewer people theyíll hire. McDonaldís responded to recent demands for higher wages by making plans to replace cashiers with automated services. Once more, political “solutions” create new problems.
People need jobs, and millions find dignity in work, but not from jobs that others are forced to provide. People want to be genuinely useful. They donít just want to go through the motions.
More and more, Americans want jobs that have meaning and “purpose,” says John Havens, author of “Hacking Happiness.” “Purpose” usually means creating actual wealth.
Governments talk about five-year plans and false guarantees of stability, but truly futuristic thinking happens when governments leave people free to explore, innovate and profit. If the politicians donít screw that up, that process will create jobs we havenít even imagined yet.
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